Karen Ruggles » Welcome to 4th Grade & Mrs. Ruggles class!

Welcome to 4th Grade & Mrs. Ruggles class!

I am so excited to welcome all of you to the 2022-2023 school year! We are going to have the best year ever!
Please continue to visit my website often for important dates, homework, upcoming events & other important information. 

-Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. 

-Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text. 

-Describe a character, setting, or event using specific details. 

-Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology. 

Informational Skills:  

-Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. 

 -Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text. 

 -Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text. 

 -Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic. 

 -Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively, and explain how the information contributes to the understanding. 


Research Simulation / Natural Disaster Project

Students will research a Natural Disaster of their choice (Hurricane, Earthquake, Tsunami, Tornado, etc.) and learn to take notes from the internet/various resources on that disaster.  I will teach them how NOT to plagiarize.  They will take these notes and turn them into sentences and eventually form paragraphs.  We are going to create a mini book...each chapter will be a new set of research and findings.  The breakdown of this mini book is as follows:

Chapter 1:  "What is a Hurricane?"...They will define the disaster, describe it, where it occurs, how it's formed, damage it can inflict, how the strength of it is measured, details after details, etc.

Chapter 2:  "Describe A Specific Hurricane"...When did Hurricane Katrina hit, what states/countries were affected, date/time of disaster, number of injured/killed, specific damage done, the cost to rebuild, rescue missions, what states/countries helped, etc.

Chapter 3:  "Creative Story"...This chapter the students will write a fiction story of them being in their chosen natural disaster!  They can be a victim, homeowner, emergency response team, news reporter, paramedic, meteorologist, etc. and be part of the disaster describing in detail what they are experiencing.  See?  Hear?  Smell?  This chapter is their favorite one...obviously.

Chapter 4:  "What Did We Learn From These Disasters?"...Can we predict them?  Can we prepare for them?  How do we prepare?  What supplies are needed?  What technology/tools would help us?  What to do when it comes?  Safety measures?




In Word Study, we will review the word inquiry process and study Greek and Latin roots.  We will explore and add base words, prefixes and suffixes to our word wall.  We will also explore various sites that dig down deep into word meaning and it's origin. 




Module 1: Place Value, Rounding, And Algorithms for Addition and Subtraction 

Students will extend their work with whole numbers. They begin with large numbers using familiar units (hundreds and thousands) and develop their understanding of millions by building knowledge of the pattern of times ten in the base ten system on the place value chart. They recognize that each sequence of three digits is read as hundreds, tens, and ones followed by the naming of the corresponding base thousand unit (thousand, million, billion). They will continue to use place value as a basis for comparing whole numbers, which will lead to rounding to any place value. Further, students will become fluent with adding and subtracting whole numbers. The module ends with multi-step word problems.

Topic A: Place Value of Multi-Digit Whole Numbers (Lessons 1-4) 

Topic B: Comparing Multi-Digit Whole Numbers (Lessons 5-6) 

Topic C: Rounding Multi-Digit Whole Numbers (Lessons 7-10) 

*Mid-Module Assessment*

Topic D: Multi-Digit Whole Number Addition (Lessons 11-12) 

Topic E: Multi-Digit Whole Number Subtraction (Lessons 13-16) 

Topic F: Addition and Subtraction Word Problems (Lessons 17-19) 

*End of Module Assessment*


Module 2:  Unit Conversions and Problem-Solving with Metric Measurement 

Module 2 is very short and focuses on length, mass, and capacity in the metric system where place value serves as a natural guide for moving between larger and smaller units.  Students review place value concepts while building fluency with decomposing or converting from larger to smaller units.  They learn the relative sizes of measurement units. Conversions between units are recorded in a two-column table and applied in single- and multi-step word problems involving addition and subtraction of metric units.  As students solve these word problems, their ability to reason in part and wholes is taken to the next level in order to prepare them for multi-digit operations and manipulating fractional units in future modules. 


Topic A: Metric Unit Conversions (Lessons 1-3) 

Topic B: Application of Metric Unit Conversions (Lessons 4-5) 

          *End-of-Module Assessment*


Module 3:  Multi-Digit Multiplication and Division 

Students will use place value understanding and visuals to solve multiplication and division problems. We start by investigating area and perimeter and take it further with multiplicative comparisons for scaling. We move further by using place value disks to multiply single digit numbers by 10, 100, and 1,000 and two-digit multiples of 10 by two-digit multiples of ten. Strategies will be modeled and practiced:the associative property, area model, partial products, and algorithm. From there, we will move into division using single-digit divisors (with and without remainders). Topic F explores factors, multiples, prime, and composite numbers within 100. Topic G extends the practice of division with three and four- digit dividendsusing place value understanding. 


Topic A: Multiplicative Comparison Word Problems (Lessons 1-3) 

Topic B: Multiplication by 10, 100, and 1,000 (Lessons 4-6) 

Topic C: Multiplication of up to Four Digits by Single-Digit Numbers (Lessons 7-11) 

Topic D: Multiplication Word Problems  (Lessons 12-13) 

            *Mid-Module Assessment*

Topic E: Division of Tens and Ones with Successive Remainders (Lessons 14-21) 

Topic F: Reasoning with Divisibility  (Lessons 22-25) 

Topic G: Division of Thousands, Hundreds, Tens, and Ones  (Lessons 26-33) 

Topic H: Multiplication of Two-Digit by Two-Digit Numbers  (Lessons 34-38) 

           *End-of-Module Assessment*




The Birth of Rocks: Rock Cycle and Earth's Processes 

This unit takes the perspective that every rock has a story. Students will develop an appreciation for the processes that shape the Earth’s surface. After considering where volcanoes form and how they erupt, they turn to investigations of rocks breaking apart and creating potential hazards. Through hands-on investigation, students explore the world of rocks and design ways of protecting humans from their dangers. 


Lesson 1: Could a volcano pop up where you live? [Volcanoes & Patterns of Earth’s Features] 

Lesson 2: Why do some volcanoes explode? [Volcanoes & Rock Cycle] 

Lesson 3: Will a mountain last forever? [Weathering & Erosion] 

Lesson 4: How could you survive a landslide?  [Erosion, Natural Hazards, & Engineering] 


Key Concepts: 

  • There is a pattern to the location of volcanoes around the world. 
  • Ancient volcanoes break the pattern, showing the earth has changed over time. 
  • There are two types of volcanoes--one with thick explosive lava, and one with thin flowing lava. 
  • A mountain can be broken down into smaller rocks, sand, and gravel over time. 
  • Landslides happen when loose rock or earth slides down a mountain or cliff. 





We will study the Northeast region of the United States. Using a variety of resources, our inquiry-based lessons will investigate the culture, resources, industry, history, and geography/natural features. Students will learn the states and capitals of this region and will be quizzed on labeling a blank map with the names of the states, abbreviations, and matching capital cities in this region at the end of the unit.